River Dispatch – July 30, 2015

River Dispatch – July 30, 2015

This dispatch was sent by Kevin Maher and Sabrina Smits, Friends seasonal staff on the river this year. A huge thanks to our project supporters — including Northwestern Energy, BLM, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, and our members, for investing in our cottonwoods work.

We are this summer’s Tree Caretakers and are responsible for watering the galleries of cottonwood saplings planted this year and in 2014 by Friends volunteers and the BLM.

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Sabrina Smits (left) and Kevin Maher at the former Eye of the Needle site. Kevin and Sabrina are taking care of our cottonwoods this season. (Photo Friends.)

Follow us this summer as we paddle past white cliffs, ogle the Missouri’s rich wildlife, and cheer on the growth of the cottonwoods.

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Tree Keeper Sabrina Smits watering a young cottonwood at Dark Butte. Dark Butte is one of three sites that Kevin and Sabrina are watering regularly this summer. (Photo Friends.)

We’re no more than humble seasonal employees with an obsession for wild places. But when we stumbled on the Friends, we couldn’t have been happier to join the team and spend our summer re-populating the Missouri’s riparian areas with native cottonwoods.

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Kevin and Sabrina’s canoe. Thank you for all of your hard work this season! (Photo Kevin Maher.)

Sabrina is a graduate of the University of Vermont’s forestry and environmental studies programs, and is definitely more at home among trees than I, an environmental studies student from the University of Montana, but we’ve both been captured by the Friends’ cottonwood project and must admit that we’re now emotionally attached to the young trees.

— Kevin Maher, Tree Caretaker

Friends, MCC, BLM fence Little Sandy campground

Earlier this spring, we hired MT Conservation Corps (MCC) to help BLM erect a cattle exclosure fence around Little Sandy campground. The Little Sandy area is rife with songbirds and other wildlife and lies on river left about five miles downstream from Coal Banks Landing.

An MCC crew member shows off some of the crew's work at Little Sandy. (Photo BLM).

An MCC crew member shows off some of the crew’s hard work at Little Sandy boat camp. (Photo BLM.)

This project is one of the first of multiple exclosures BLM will use to reduce conflict between cattle and recreationists on the Wild and Scenic Missouri River.

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MCC crew members level fence posts along the shores of the Missouri at Little Sandy campground. The crew spent a week at the site. (Photo BLM.)

The t-post and wire fence extends up the hill to the north and is hardly visible from the river and campground. (Photo BLM.)

This project was made possible with both public support (via our National Fish and Wildlife Foundation grant, and by BLM) and also private support, including Patagonia and the Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation.

The crew after a hard week's work. (Photo BLM).

The crew and BLM Maintenance Ranger, Sean Reynolds (front right), after a hard week’s work. Thanks, MCC, for all your help! (Photo BLM.)

We’re looking forward to continuing to help with these projects, while also keeping in mind aesthetics, wildlife-friendly fencing options, and other site specifics.

A fence like the one at Little Sandy may not be the best option for every campground or for protecting riverside cottonwood forests, so we’re exploring other creative ideas (like riparian pastures). The idea is to protect cottonwoods while ensuring that we’re respecting valid existing rights on the Monument, as per the Monument Proclamation that guides all of our work. We’ll keep you posted!

— Sara Meloy, Restoration and Volunteer Coordinator

Friends, BLM Plant 150 Cottonwoods on Upper Missouri

Read on for a recap of our 2015 cottonwood planting! This story below was published in the Great Falls Tribune, among other local and regional newspapers.

This spring, 150 new cottonwood trees are taking root at two sites in the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, thanks to the Friends, BLM, and 20 hard-working volunteers.

“This project is our most popular volunteer event of the year,” said Sara Meloy, Restoration Coordinator for the Friends. “Just about everyone can get behind the idea of planting a tree.”

Lynn Hinch, Arlene Mari, and Dave Mari (left to right) plant and water a new cutting at Dark Butte earlier this spring. These plantings are only made possible with the help of many dedicated volunteers! (Photo Friends.)

Cottonwood forests – so important for wildlife, shade, and overall river health – are in decline along this stretch of the Missouri River. There’s very little natural regeneration of these trees due to flood control, ice jams, and human development. The majority of the trees are more than 50 years old.

That’s why collaborative efforts by the Friends, BLM and other partners to restore these forests are critical. This year’s planting project, generously funded by NorthWestern Energy, marks the third year of successively bigger and more-remote planting projects that will eventually begin to regenerate significant stretches of new trees on the river. Considering that a mile-long stretch of riverbank may only hold 40 mature cottonwoods, planting 150 trees is a huge increase. 

Volunteers work amid the limbs of old cottonwoods. The average age of cottonwoods on the upper stretch of the river is 50+ years old.

Volunteers work amid strewn branches of old-growth cottonwoods. The average age of cottonwoods on the upper stretch of the Missouri is 50+ years and counting. (Photo Friends.)

Planting cottonwoods will not be a heal-all solution to restore habitat on the entire river, but it’s a step in the right direction. Other activities the Friends, BLM and other partners are working on include removing invasive weeds that outcompete native cottonwoods and willows and exploring fencing projects to create riparian pastures.

“We want to do everything we can to help BLM get conservation work done on the Monument,” said Friends Executive Director Beth Kampschror. “And regenerating cottonwoods is something we can do that will make an enormous difference, thanks to our great partners and amazing volunteers.” 

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Thanks, volunteers, for a great day! Keep an eye on our events page to find out how to volunteer on future projects. (Photo Friends.)

The April plantings saw Friends’ volunteers turn out from Havre, Lewistown, Billings, Helena, Choteau, Great Falls, and Fort Benton. The Friends have plenty of other cottonwood-related and other events coming up this field season. For more information, please click over to missouribreaks.org/events.

If you’d like to help in the field, please contact Friends Restoration and Volunteer Coordinator Sara Meloy at sara@missouribreaks.org. 

Read our summer newsletter!

Our summer newsletter is out!

Please click on the link below to read about:

  • The results of our amazing field season — more than 121 miles of river and coulees walked in a bid to remove invasive salt cedar from the Monument.
  • What we’re doing to protect our wild prairies – thanks to you!
  • Upcoming events, including National Public Lands Day, and our first-ever hosting of the Wild and Scenic Film Festival in Lewistown in October.

Friends newsletter summer 2014

Our members got the early-bird special — a paper copy of the newsletter mailed to them a few weeks ago. If you’d like the same, as well as that warm fuzzy feeling that comes from supporting a mighty little group like the Friends, please click here to join the Friends today. Thanks for all you do!

– Beth Kampschror, Executive Director

Friends to pull salt cedar from Monument

How would you like to get outside this summer on some of your central Montana public lands and help save the Missouri River’s endangered cottonwood trees?

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River floaters relaxing in the shade of the cottonwoods at the end of a day of paddling on the Wild and Scenic Missouri River. You can help us save these endangered cottonwood forests! (Photo Scott Bosse.)

Then please join the Friends of the Missouri Breaks Monument on July 22 and 23 as we pull salt cedar from the Wild and Scenic Missouri River, which stretches through central Montana from historic Fort Benton to the wild prairies and badlands of the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.

You may know that cottonwood trees are struggling along the Wild and Scenic Missouri. The majority of the stately giants along the river are older than 50. And young trees deposited in recent floods are facing stiff competition from weeds. That’s why the Friends of the Missouri Breaks Monument are working to remove invasive salt cedar from the river corridor, to give the young trees deposited in the floods of 2011 the chance to grow.

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Cottonwood forests on the Wild and Scenic Missouri River are dying of old age, and new trees are hard to come by. Join us this summer in removing invasive salt cedar that’s outcompeting the new cottonwoods. (Photo Bob Wick, BLM.)

You can help. Please join the Friends on July 22 and 23 and lend a hand to weed removal on the river. You’ll be joining Montana Conservation Corps (MCC) crews to hand-pull small weeds, use hand tools for bigger weeds, and help the crews inventory the area. Crews that week will be based at Judith Landing, northwest of Lewistown on the Wild and Scenic Missouri River. You can drive up for the day, or camp out overnight under the bowl of stars. To sign up for one or both days, please email Friends Restoration and Volunteer Coordinator Sara Meloy at sara@missouribreaks.org.

The weeds work is part of a larger collaborative effort by the Friends, MCC, the Bureau of Land Management, and the Missouri River Conservation Districts Council, to help restore and protect the Monument’s aging cottonwood galleries. The MCC work is being made possible by generous funding from PP&L Montana.

“This collaborative group is the first of its kind on this stretch of river,” said Friends Executive Director Beth Kampschror. “We’re excited about getting a handle on this salt cedar invasion while it’s still new enough to hand pull.”

The Friends have plenty of other volunteer opportunities for you to consider this summer – including another weed pull slated for August. Events are available on the Friends website at www.missouribreaks.org/events.

The Friends of the Missouri Breaks Monument is a 501(c)(3) organization that protects and preserves the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument by educating the public, advocating for responsible access and environmentally responsible uses, and supporting groups and agencies that protect and restore the Monument. We’re on the web at www.missouribreaks.org, and on Facebook at www.facebook.com/friendsofthemissouribreaks.

 

Friends join historic preservation group on the Missouri River

Montana’s major historic preservation group invited us to participate in their traveling Road Show in Lewistown earlier this month, and we were delighted to be able to join them for their tour of the Wild and Scenic Missouri River.

“The idea is to get people out to see and experience these places, so that they will care about preserving them,” Montana Preservation Alliance‘s Christine Brown told us on the yellow school bus that took us up to Judith Landing for a day-long canoe trip on the Missouri.

Shades of junior high: MPA's Christine Brown takes roll call on the bus. (Photo Friends.)

Shades of junior high: MPA’s Christine Brown takes roll call on the bus. (Photo Friends.)

But first, the bus dropped us in the Monument gateway town of Winifred, Montana (pop. 208) to have a look at the Winifred Museum. It was my first time stopping in at the museum, and it did not disappoint. I spent a lot of time appreciating the historic gun collection and the life-sized model of the enormous tri-horned dinosaur skull found in the area.

Close-up of a shotgun owned by the foreman of Granville Stuart's historic DHS ranch. Pretty cool! (Photo Friends.)

Close-up of a shotgun owned by the foreman of Granville Stuart’s historic DHS ranch. Pretty cool! (Photo Friends.)

Our next stop was Judith Landing, and we heard historical and cultural background from Maria Zedeno, an anthropology professor (and expert on Blackfeet) at the University of Arizona, and from Helena-based historian Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs.

Historian Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs (right) tells the group about the Judith River's namesake, Judith Hancock Clark, who was the first wife of explorer William Clark (of Lewis and Clark fame). (Photo Friends.)

Historian Stephenie Ambrose Tubbs (right) tells the group about the Judith River’s namesake, Judith Hancock Clark, who was the first wife of explorer Capt. William Clark (of Lewis and Clark fame). (Photo Friends.)

And then we piled into canoes to paddle to the Hagadone Homestead, about 12 miles down the river. Or up river, as it felt like with the 20-30 mile/hour headwinds. This photo probably won’t do justice to how hard it was blowing that day — in the really windy spots, I was too busy paddling to take good photos of the white caps on the river.

And we're off! One group of eight paddles toward Hagadone homestead, about 12 miles downstream. (Photo Friends.)

And we’re off! One group of eight paddles toward Hagadone homestead, about 12 miles downstream. (Photo Friends.)

It might have been a hard paddle, but as always on what we call the “lower river” (Judith Landing to James Kipp Rec Area), the wildlife put on an excellent show. We saw bald eagles, white pelicans, a nighthawk, and the biggest softshell turtle I’d ever seen, slipping into the river off the point of a small island. Later in the day we saw five Bighorn rams in the uplands.

But back to the history. Our only stop was the Hagadone homestead, so named for the tough homesteader Frank Hagadone, who came to Montana as a range cowboy in the 19th century and stayed to farm a lonely plot of land in the Breaks.

BLM archaeologist Zane Fulbright (left), tells about the Hagadones surviving rattlesnakes and long silent winters at the homestead named for them on the Monument. (Photo Friends.)

BLM archaeologist Zane Fulbright (left), tells the Preservation Alliance crowd about the Hagadones surviving rattlesnakes and long silent winters at the homestead named for them on the Monument. (Photo Friends.)

Then it was back in the canoes for a short jaunt over to Stafford Ferry, where our yellow school bus awaited.

A Preservation Alliance supporter rows like the dickens to get us to Stafford Ferry in one piece. We made it! (Photo Friends.)

A Preservation Alliance supporter rows like the dickens to get us to Stafford Ferry in one piece. We made it! (Photo Friends.)

Wind-blasted or no, I kept thinking of one of the BLM managers in Lewistown, who likes to point out, “Any day on the river is a good day.” And it was especially good to get a historical perspective on this river we work to protect. I am usually struck by the natural history of this river, but the thousands of years of human history on the Wild and Scenic Missouri is also such an important part of what makes the Monument so special. Thank you, MPA, for inviting us on this trip and for letting us chat with your members about how they can help us protect the Monument!

— Beth Kampschror, Executive Director

 

 

Our spring newsletter is out!

Our spring 2014 newsletter is out!

Spring 2014 newsletter jpeg

Please click on the link below to read about:

  • How you can help us save the Missouri River’s cottonwood galleries, and an intro to our new Restoration and Volunteer Coordinator.
  • The fun stuff you can do with us on the Monument this volunteer season, both on the river and off.
  • Highlights from cottonwoods and ferrets talks we sponsored in Great Falls and Lewistown.

Friends newsletter Spring 2014

Our members got the early-bird special — a paper copy of the newsletter mailed to them in late April. If you’d like the same, as well as that warm fuzzy feeling that comes from supporting a mighty little group like the Friends, please click here to join the Friends today. Thanks for all you do!

– Beth Kampschror, Executive Director

Cottonwood Planting 101: A guide to success

High fives all around to our stellar volunteers and BLM partners for a successful and fun cottonwood planting last Thursday! We planted 50 trees near Dark Butte in an effort to diversify the age classes of cottonwoods in the Monument. For a nice write-up of the factors affecting these trees, check out this Missoulian article. For a “how-to” planting guide, read on…

Step One: Drink coffee. Drink good coffee. Thanks, Rising Trout Cafe!

Step Two: Appreciate your knowledgeable agency partners. Our BLM partners, including Chad Krause (below), had prepared the planting site, drilled holes, and hauled trees and equipment to Dark Butte the day before we joined them.

Chad Krause, BLM hydrologist and project planner extraordinaire, lays out the day's game plan.

Chad Krause, BLM hydrologist and project planner extraordinaire, lays out the day’s game plan.

Step Three: Bundle up! The weather on Thursday was a bit chilly, but luckily we got a sunny surprise later in the morning.

Volunteers load up for the 20 mile journey.

Volunteers load up for the 20 mile journey.

Did we mention it was cold?  (Photo Friends)

Did we mention it was cold? (Photo Friends)

Step Four: Watch your step. In April, the riverbanks are still rife with ice breakup from the winter. This annual soil disturbance is a natural part of clearing the way for new cottonwood growth.

After scrambling up the icy river bank, volunteers arrive at the landing site (Photo Friends).

After scrambling up the icy river bank, volunteers arrive at the landing site (Photo Friends).

The boats rest below the ice line (Photo Friends).

The boats rest below the ice line (Photo Friends).

Step Five: Get prepared! We split up into five groups, distributed the shovels, post pounders, and pliers, and had the work done in no time. As the sun came out, layers of jackets, hats, and coveralls began to pile up on the banks near the ice.

Tim Faber sheds a layer in preparation for the work ahead (Photo Friends).

Tim Faber sheds a layer in preparation for the work ahead (Photo Friends).

Step Six: Prepare the trees. The plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides monilifera) cuttings came from healthy stands near Judith Landing. These trees are native to the Great Plains and can live to well over 100 years.

Willis Heron (Choteau) lops of a cottonwood cutting's lower branches that would have been underground. This allows the tree to focus its energy on growing roots and above-ground leaves.

Willis Heron (Choteau) lops of a cottonwood cutting’s lower branches that would have been underground. This allows the tree to focus its energy on growing roots and above-ground leaves.

Jack Boyce (Lewistown) appraises a tree once it's nestled in the ground.

Jack Boyce (Lewistown) appraises a tree once it’s nestled in the ground.

Step Seven: Just add water…(and a little root growth stimulant). We set up a handy watering system to deliver water straight to the tree’s base – seven feet below ground. This involves a long PVC pipe with perforations at the bottom that gets planted right next to the tree. This way, BLM rangers can pour buckets of water down the pipe, delivering it straight to where it’s needed most – the roots!

Mara Johnson (Bozeman) and Lawrence Black (Havre) fill buckets for a watering extravaganza. Fifty riparian trees require a lot of water!

Mara Johnson (Bozeman) and Lawrence Black (Havre) fill buckets for a watering extravaganza. Fifty riparian trees require a lot of water!

Step Eight: Build a fence. The wire caging keeps out cattle, deer, elk, and Castor canadensis and gives the trees a fighting chance until they reach maturity.

Tom Darnell of Lewistown (left) and Tim Faber (Helena) ponder the finer points of wiring.

Tom Darnell of Lewistown (left) and Tim Faber (Helena) ponder the finer points of wiring.

Step Nine: Pat yourself on the back and say cheese!

Success! Fifty new trees join the ranks of the cottonwood gallery near Dark Butte.

Success! Fifty new trees join the ranks of the cottonwood gallery near Dark Butte.

Thanks, volunteers and BLM for a beautiful, sunny day!

Group photos are always better when the sun is shining.  Thanks, volunteers and BLM for a beautiful day!

When it was all over, Chad summed up the day well by noting that in 100 years, people we will never meet will benefit from the shade, scenery, and life provided by the trees we planted today.

“A society grows great when old men plant trees whose shade they know they shall never sit in.”  – Greek proverb provided by one of our volunteers.

Our next volunteer event is a river cleanup on May 16 with the BLM. Contact sara@missouribreaks.org to register today!

 

 

 

Happy 13th birthday, Missouri Breaks Monument!

Today we celebrate the Monument’s 13th birthday!

Eagle Creek campground, in the iconic White Cliffs section of the Monument. We'll be joining BLM to clean up this section of the river on May 14. Join us! (Photo Bob Wick, BLM.)

Eagle Creek campground, in the iconic White Cliffs section of the Monument.  (Photo Bob Wick, BLM.)

It was on this day in 2001 that President Bill Clinton proclaimed nearly 400,000 acres of central Montana prairies and badlands (with 149 miles of the Wild and Scenic Missouri River flowing through it) as the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument.

And here’s why it’s worth protecting, from the proclamation:

The area remains remote and nearly as undeveloped as it was in 1805. Many of the biological objects described in Lewis and Clark’s journals continue to make the monument their home. The monument boasts the most viable elk herd in Montana and one of the premier big horn sheep herds in the continental United States. It contains essential winter range for sage grouse as well as habitat for prairie dogs. Lewis sent Jefferson a prairie dog specimen which was, as Lewis noted at the time, “new to science.” Abundant plant life along the River and across the Breaks country supports this wildlife. The lower reach of the Judith River, just above its confluence with the Missouri, contains one of the few remaining fully functioning cottonwood gallery forest ecosystems on the Northern Plains. Arrow Creek, originally called Slaughter River by Lewis and Clark, contains the largest concentration of antelope and mule deer in the monument as well as important spawning habitat for the endangered pallid sturgeon. An undammed tributary to the Missouri River, Arrow Creek is a critical seed source for cottonwood trees for the flood plain along the Missouri.

And what makes it even more special is that the Monument is part of America’s newest, permanently protected collection of public lands: the National Conservation Lands. These lands are managed not by the National Park Service — with its fees, rules, paved trails and interpretive signs posted everywhere — but by the Bureau of Land Management. These lands, 28 million acres in all, are free and open for you to explore on your own. These lands are the last places in America where you can truly get away from it all.

Read more about the Conservation Lands here. Or have a look at this map, and start planning your next adventure. And join our mailing list if you’d like to find out more about how the Friends of the Missouri Breaks Monument work not only to preserve and protect our Monument in Montana, but also work to preserve and protect all of America’s National Conservation Lands.

We are honored to be working to protect this amazing place. Thanks for all you do to help.

— Beth Kampschror, Executive Director

Four days ’til National Public Lands Day!

Please join us as we celebrate our nation’s single largest day of volunteering on public lands with a few hours of light work at James Kipp Recreation Area!

Friends volunteers pulling weeds at Kipp last year. Join us this year for another fun day out that helps our public lands! (Photo Friends.)

Friends volunteers pulling weeds at Kipp last year. Join us this year for another fun day out that helps our public lands! (Photo Friends.)

We’ll meet at Kipp (where Highway 191 crosses the Missouri) at 9 am, pull some weeds, pick up some trash, fill some holes with gravel, and then we’ll eat an enormous lunch courtesy of the Friends. Bring water if you like. We’ll be finished with work and lunch by 2 pm.

Our partners at BLM are providing all the tools we’ll need to get the jobs done, but of course you’re welcome to bring your own gloves.

Saturday’s forecast is sunny, with temps in the 60s — a welcome change from the winter weather advisories we’re getting this week.

Please RSVP to me by calling 502-1334 or to Nikki by emailing nikki@missouribreaks.org. Thanks for all you do to help us protect and preserve our precious public lands, including the Upper Missouri Breaks National Monument. Looking forward to seeing you on Saturday!

— Beth Kampschror, Executive Director